It is easy to transplant, grows fast in almost any soil, and can tolerate more root impact than any other tree species. The London planetree grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. Platanus x acerifolia There is no tougher tree than the London Plane. LONDON PLANE TREE,viewed here is the largest girthed member of the specie the photographer has seen in London in 36 years. Grows in a pyramidal shape that shifts to a more oval silhouette over time. The London plane tree variety called ‘Morton Circle’ was developed at the Morton Arboretum, by Dr. George Ware. The bark has beautiful marbled colors that stand out in the barren winter landscape. By the 1920’s around 60 per cent of trees in London were London planes. As a hybrid of American sycamore and Oriental plane, it was first discovered in the 17th century then widely planted in the 18th. London plane tree is easily transplanted, although care result of a cross between P. orientalis and P. occidentalis; zone 5 ; Habit and Form. It has a colorful pattern of defoliating bark that can be olive, yellow, and ivory in color. for London Plane Tree London plane (Platanus x acerifolia) is a hybrid sycamore resulting from crosses of American sycamore and oriental sycamore. (Though it is not too uncommon to also see entire boards of heartwood too.) Because London planetrees are often planted in areas with poor soil or limited space, they might end up lacking nutrients. The London planetree most often is used in urban landscapes where a very large tree is desired. […] Yields pendulous ball-like clusters of tightly packed seed approximately 1" in diameter. As a result, it has been widely distributed to cities throughout the moderate climate regions of the world for nearly 400 years. The hybrid London plane (Platanus × acerifolia) has proved particularly tolerant of urban conditions, and has been widely planted in London and elsewhere in the United Kingdom. Another pruning style used with this species is pleaching, in which the branches are braided together to form a living fence. It is assumed that it is a hybrid of the Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) with the American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis). It prefers consistently moist soil, but it does have some drought tolerance as well. Platanus acerifolia - maple-leaved sycamore In French, the tree is called “platane à feuilles d’érable,” meaning platane tree with maple leaves. The London Plane can develop massive trunks with spreading crowns, and live for centuries. Lives longer than many other shade trees in urban settings. Although it can adapt to most growing conditions, the London planetree does best in rich, deep, well-draining soil. London's smooth gray-brown bark peels away to reveal shades of white, gray and green underneath. Moreover, its massive size and messy growth habit from fallen leaves, twigs, bark, and fruit make the London plane unsuitable for all but the largest residential landscapes. It requires a minimum of four hours of direct sunlight every day, but six hours or more is better. The current consensus among horticulturalists is that the London plane tree is a hybrid of the American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and the Oriental plane tree (Platanus orientalis). Plane trees, also called London plane trees, are natural hybrids that developed in the wild in Europe. ex Dippel: PLAC2: Platanus ×acerifolia (Aiton) Willd. The London Plane Tree is a large growing shade tree that is easy to grow and tolerant of most soil situations. The London planetree grows to a height of 75–100' and a spread of around 80' at maturity. Produces inconspicuous red flowers in April as the leaves unfurl. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. (zones 5-9). The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The bark is usually pale grey-green, smooth and exfoliating, or buff-brown and not exfoliating. From its adaptability to every landscape to its ornamental features, this tree has it all. This tree will grow in good soil or poor, moist or dry and acid or alkaline clay. Classification. The London plane tree is a hybrid plant, a cross between the American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and the Oriental plane tree (Platanus orientalis). It transplants well and can be planted throughout the year. London planetrees are susceptible to the same anthracnose fungus that affects the American sycamore, but there are disease-resistant cultivars available, including 'Columbia' and 'Liberty'. The London plane is a large deciduous tree growing 20–30 m (66–98 ft), exceptionally over 40 m (131 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 3 m (10 ft) or more in circumference. The London planetree is believed to have resulted from a cross between the Oriental planetree and the American sycamore. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to light shade. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. But if the tree is planted in a fertile area with room to spread, it likely will not require much fertilizer. Looking up at the plane tree canopy However it came into being, be sure to seek out the circle of trees next time you're in the park — a natural wonder hiding in plain (or plane) sight. The pendant seed balls are used by purple finches, goldfinches and squirrels. Hybridization is thought to have occurred accidentally in either Spain or London when the American sycamore and Oriental plane tree were planted close to one another. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Plants grow best in moist, deep, rich well-drained soil in full sun. Develops a mottled bark with red-brown scales that flake to reveal green, white and creamy yellow. One of the most common insect pests found on London planetrees is the sycamore lace bug. Does not tolerate shady sites. London Plane: Friend or Foe? The tree was found to thrive in the sooty air and provide wonderful shade. Furthermore, the tree's growth is often trained with a technique called pollarding, in which it is pruned to maintain short, club-like branches. The hybrid was rec… The tree has medium to high water requirements, depending on how much heat and sun it gets. The London plane tree was described for the first time in the 17 Century (in Spain). Bloodgood London Planetree is a classic shade tree that is resistant to anthracnose, tolerant to urban pollutants, and can grow in a wide range of soil types. While the exact details of the tree’s origin have been lost over time, it was discovered that this hybrid could tolerate the smoke and grime of London. And it can handle acidic and alkaline pH levels, as well as some soil compaction. Small flowers appear in clusters in the early spring, gradually ripening into fruit balls that turn brown in the fall. There are variegated forms of London plane. They somewhat resemble the leaves of black, sugar and red maples. London planetrees grow rampantly in moderate climate regions around the world. This hybrid tree resulted from a cross between two sycamore species: Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore) and Platanus orientalis (Oriental plane). Bloodgood London Planetree is a rapid growing shade tree. In general, it is recommended to prune diseased, dying, and dead branches in the winter. Platanus x hispanica (London Plane Tree) is an enormous deciduous tree adorned with a massive trunk and a rounded crown of huge, crooked, horizontal branches. The leaves are thick and stiff-textured, broad, palmately lobed, superficially maple-like, the leaf blade 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long and 12–25 cm (5–10 in) broad, with a petiole3–10 cm (1–4 in) long. The london planetree can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. Grafting is used to preserve the traits of cultivated varieties. This has now fallen to an estimated 4 per cent in central London and even lower on the outskirts. Can be a messy tree since drops a lot of leaves, twigs and fruit. The London plane (P. acerifolia), a hybrid between the American and the Oriental planes, combines characteristics of both in varying degrees. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Test soil samples to know for sure. ondon planetree, London plane, hybrid plane, 5 to 100 feet tall and 60 to 75 feet wide, How to Grow and Care for Sweet Cherry Trees, How to Grow and Care for a Weeping Willow Tree, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, Sunburst® Honey Locust Tree Plant Profile. It has some drought tolerance. Exclamation!™ London Planetree Platanus x acerifolia ‘Morton Circle’ Description & Overview A densely branched, upright pyramidal tree when young, the Exclamation!™ London Planetree develops its attractive exfoliating bark when young. It is a little shorter and more squat than the American tree and usually has bristly, paired seedballs. a large, deciduous tree; maximum heights to 70 or 80' tall; spread typically matches the height; pyramidal in youth; more widespreading with age; Here's a conservative rabbi, sculpted by this London Plane Tree who lives in the prosperous Upper East Side of Central Park, New York. The London planetree (Platanus × acerifolia) is a very large deciduous tree that is quite resilient in urban conditions. Platanus acerifolia ‘Columbia’ brings the beauty of the London Plane tree without the worry of anthracnose (symptoms include discoloration and leaf drop) or mildew to the landscape. Other pests include borers, scales, Japanese beetles, caterpillars, and mites. Left unpruned, the London planetree will grow very large. The shadow of bare branches on house wall belonging to an immense London Plane tree in the borough of Lewisham. ‘Columbia’ was developed in 1984 to resist the diseases that so often plagued Platanus acerifolia. The London planetree is believed to have resulted from a cross between the Oriental planetree and the American sycamore. London planetree PLORA: Platanus orientalis L. var. The foliage of large maple-shaped medium- to dark-green leaves, 4-10 in. The original London plane tree was probably discovered by John Tradescant the Younger in his mid-17th-century London garden. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. acerifolia Aiton: PLPY: Platanus pyramidalis hort. wide (10-25 cm) warms up to yellow-brown in the fall. Alternatives Consult local sources, including historic or public gardens and arboreta, regarding cultivars and related species that grow well in your area. Incredibly huge London plane tree, 34 meters high, spanning for more than 50 meters. Platanus × acerifolia, commonly called London planetree, is a hybrid cross between American sycamore (P. occidentalis) and Oriental planetree (P. orientalis). Another fungus affecting this tree is canker stain, which can be fatal. The Oriental plane tree has been cultivated around the world for … But those trees are actually London planetrees (Platanus x acerifolia), sycamore lookalikes native to Europe. Habitat. Tolerates pollution and other urban conditions well. Since then, several cultivars have been developed. It also works well for medians and planting strips because the roots can handle small spaces with soil compaction. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. To keep this unique shape, annual pruning is necessary. Like all sycamores, the London plane has bark that peels away in irregular patches to show creamy whitish-green inner bark. Color/Appearance: Similar to maple, the wood of London Plane trees is predominantly comprised of the sapwood, with some darker heartwood streaks also found in most boards. The hybridization of the London planetree is thought to have occurred accidentally sometime during the 17th century in either Spain or London when the American sycamore and Oriental planetree were planted close to one another. The London plane is thought to be a cross between the Oriental plane and the American sycamore. Features large leaves up to 7" long and 10" wide that are sparingly toothed along the edges. They are often known in English as planes or plane trees. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Grows to 75' to 100', 80' spread. Plane, London (Platanus x hispanica) A real city slicker, the London plane is the capital’s most common tree. London Planetree is a better choice than the native American Sycamore (PLATANUS OCCIDENTALIS) because of its resistant to anthracnose. Occasionally, especially in older literature, this tree may be called Platanus x hispanica or Platanus hybrida. Commonly known as the "plane" in England, it was … Red-brown scales flake to show cream-colored inner bark. Expand. The sapwood is white to light pinkish tan, while the heartwood is a darker reddish brown. Fast growing, resistant to anthracnose. It grows in loamy, sandy, and clay soil types. (pro sp.) Placed in front of the Residence of prince Miloš, it is said that it was planted by him. This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13â24" per year. If that is the case, feed the tree in the early spring and fall with a tree fertilizer, following label instructions. And it can withstand a harsh winter, though it might sustain some cold injuries. Other cankers, leaf spots, and powdery mildew are also seen in the London planetree. The London Planetree Bloodgood is the perfect shade tree for nearly everyone. Tolerant of the toughest conditions and resistant to disease, the Exclamation!™ London Planetree is a terrific choice for a fast […] The tree readily grows in spots that have moist soil and plenty of sunlight. Large distinctive leaves with lighter undersides. Full sun is ideal for the London planetree, but it will tolerate partial shade. London plane is an important landscape tree because of its resistance to diseases and ability to grow rapidly in urban soils. It has excellent tolerance for air pollution and is a common choice in large city parks and other public lands. A fast-growing tree, the London plane typically gains several feet in height per year. Its green leaves are around four to nine inches wide with three to five lobes, and its fall foliage is a rather plain yellow-brown. He repeated the original natural origin of the London plane tree by crossing a plant of Old-World Sycamore growing at the US National Arboretum with a disease-resistant plant of American Sycamore that grew at the Morton Arboretum. The tree can be amenable to a particularly hot summer, as long as its soil remains moist. The tree also can be an irritant for people with allergies. Its attributes were discovered in London where the new hybrid first appeared around 1645. The characteristics that have made the London plane so popular in London have also made it a success in many major cities around the world. While the exact details of the tree’s origin have been lost over time, it was discovered that this hybrid could tolerate the smoke and grime of London. Plane trees are among the most numerous large street and park trees planted in Greater London. Soil pH adaptable, moderately salt and drought tolerant. london plane tree Platanus × hispanica Photo Locations: Rome, Italy, Cal Poly State University Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Palo Alto, CA, Santa Cruz, CA, Los Angeles, CA, Salinas, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA Platanus is the sole genus found in the Platanaceae plant family. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are greenish. The London Plane Tree is botanically called Platanus acerifolia. Mulch around its base can help to retain soil moisture, but if there is an extended period with no rain the tree likely will need a good soaking with a hose. London Planetree Platanaceae. Propagation is carried out either through cuttings or via seeds that break off and spread from its fruit balls. The London planetree is a widely planted street tree, and for good reason. The plane tree is a member of the sycamore family and … This 'Exclamation' cultivar grows quickly as a young tree that eventually forms a pyramidal form and with age will spread a broad outline. Whether you want a strong shade tree for your open landscape or you're looking for a tree that can survive your polluted city air, this tree is the tree … This circa 1970 variety is a hybrid between Platanus occidentalis and Platanus orientalis. View Map. The young leaves in spring are coated with minute, fine, stiff hairs at first… But its roots can damage buildings, sidewalks, and driveways, so choose your planting location wisely. It is one of the oldest, largest and most beautiful plane trees in Europe. And with a growth rate of about 3 feet per year, EXCLAMATION!™ London Planetrees quickly establish themselves as mature shade trees.